Zakonski okvir u oblasti energetske efikasnosti i OIE kao jedan od ključnih preduslova za održivi razvoj srbije

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Borjan Brankov Ana Stanojević Mila Pucar Marina Nenković-Riznić

Apstrakt

Rad se bavi analizom dva od četiri zakona iz oblasti energetike koji su usvojeni aprila meseca 2021. godine i to: Zakonom o korišćenju obnovljivih izvora energije i Zakonom o energetskoj efikasnosti i racionalnoj upotrebi energije. U radu su prikazana istraživanja koja se odnose na novine koje ovi zakoni donose, potrebne preduslove za njihovo sprovođenje i implementaciju, prepreke i mogućnosti na putu Srbije ka većoj primeni zelene energije, smanjenju emisija CO2 i održivom razvoju, u skladu i sa novim strateškim okvirima u ovoj oblasti (NERP, Strategija niskougljeničnog razvoja). Da bi se ovo ostvarilo, potrebno je doneti niz podzakonskih akata, kojima se u startu rešavaju brojne nedoumice.


Rad se posebno bavi zakonskim preduslovima za sprovođenje ideje korišćenja obnovljivih izvora energije u stanovanju. Osim toga, u Nacrtu Nacionalne stambene strategije 2020-2030. ističe se da, s obzirom na činjenicu da je stambeni fond veliki potrošač energije, unapređenje energetskih svojstava ovog fonda predstavlja zadatak ne samo od nacionalnog, već i globalnog značaja (odnosi se na celokupan stambeni fond - višeporodično/kolektivno i porodično/individualno stanovanje). Prema pomenutoj Strategiji veliki udeo potrošnje energije troši se za grejanje, a sve više i za hlađenje stanova/kuća, a stalni rast ukupne potrošnje energije ukazuje na neracionalno i neodrživo korišćenja energije u sektoru stanovanja. Stoga unapređenje energetske efikasnosti i korišćenje obnovljivih izvora energije u stambenom sektoru predstavlja jedan od ključnih izazova za održivi razvoj Srbije u budućnosti. U radu se daju predlozi za permanentno, sistematsko i plansko obrazovanje, podizanje svesti građana o značaju primene i potencijalima OIE. Stimulisanje korišćenja ovog vida energije i primena energetske efikasnosti mora biti permanentna misija struke, nauke i politike. Stimulacija države kako kroz donešenu legislativu, tako i kroz praktične procedure koje neće biti previse komplikovane, i povoljne kredite, može omogućiti opredeljenje korisnika stambenih objekata i zajednica za ovaj vid proizvodnje energije.

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Kako citirati
BRANKOV, Borjan et al. Zakonski okvir u oblasti energetske efikasnosti i OIE kao jedan od ključnih preduslova za održivi razvoj srbije. Zbornik Međunarodne konferencije o obnovljivim izvorima električne energije – MKOIEE, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 1, p. 153-163, nov. 2021. Dostupno na: <http://izdanja.smeits.rs/index.php/mkoiee/article/view/6615>. Datum pristupa: 03 july 2022
Sekcija
Energetska efikasnost

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