Učešće rashladnih i klimatizacionih uređaja u globalnom zagrevanju Zemlje. Koncept TEWI

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Risto Ciconkov

Apstrakt

Najčešće korišćeni rashladni fluidi (freoni) CFC i njihove alternative. Vrednosti faktora ODP (ozone Depletion Potential - potencijal slabljenja ozonskog sloja) i GWP (Global Warming Potential - potencijal globalnog zagrevanja). Rashladni fluidi prirodnog porekla i podaci o njima. Montrealski protokol i Protokol iz Kjota; nelogičnosti u ova dvaprotkola u vezi sa fluidima HFC. Konfuzija polemika na međunarodnom nivou u vezi sa primenom fluida HFC, koji se prema Protokolu iz Kjota ne smeju ispuštati u atmosferu. Uvođenje koncepta TEWI (Total Equivalent Warming Impact - ukupni ekvivalentni uticaj zagrevanja) kojima se ocenjuje ukupni uticaj rashladnih i klimatizacionih uređaja na efekat staklene bašte: od direktne emisije (ispuštanje rashladnog fluida u atmosferu) i od indirektne emisije koja proizilazi iz potrošnje električne energije. Primena koncepta TEWI na konkretnom primeru u nekoliko varijanti. Značaj energetske efikasnosti za rashladne sisteme (indirektna emisija CO2). Važnost sprečavanja isticanja rashladnog fluida iz sistema (direktna emisija). Potreba za permanentnom edukacijom i kursevima za obuku osoba koje rade sa rashladnim i klimatizacionim uređajima.

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Kako citirati
CICONKOV, Risto. Učešće rashladnih i klimatizacionih uređaja u globalnom zagrevanju Zemlje. Koncept TEWI. KGH – Klimatizacija, grejanje, hlađenje, [S.l.], v. 31, n. 3, p. 31-35, nov. 2016. ISSN 2560-340X. Dostupno na: <https://izdanja.smeits.rs/index.php/kgh/article/view/826>. Datum pristupa: 29 feb. 2020
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Reference

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