Rešavanje jednačine neto-nula emisije u oblasti grejanja i hlađenja zgrada

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Miodrag Mesarović

Apstrakt

Globalna posvećenost neto-nultim emisijama gasova sa efektom staklene bašte (GHG) usmerava energetske i srodne politike kako u oblasti proizvodnje toplote i električne energije iz svih vrsta primarnih izvora, tako i u raznim oblicima njihove finalne potrošnje. Podrazumeva se da je energetska efikasnost uvek na prvom mestu, kao primarni pokretač smanjenja emisija. Oblast grejanja i hlađenja zgrada nudi mnoge mogućnosti da se unaprede neto-nulte emisije, kako sa stanovišta njihovog ogromnog udela (oko 40%) u bruto finalnoj potrošnji energije, tako i sa stanovišta niskougljeničnih tehnologija koje bi se mogle iskoristiti za dekarbonizaciju snabdevanja energijom. Ovaj rad se bavi promenom ponašanja korisnika u cilju smanjenja emisija u kombinaciji sa korišćenjem obnovljivih ili nuklearnih izvora energije za grejanje i hlađenje zgrada, zatim mogućnostima kogeneracije toplote i električne energije, upotrebom toplotnih pumpi na bazi podzemnih ili otpadnih voda kao i potencijalno mogućom upotrebom iskorišćenog nuklearnog goriva za sistem daljinskog grejanja. Pažnja je takođe posvećena „muci i nauci“ od nastupajuće energetske krize i poremećaja na tržištu prirodnog gasa sa posledičnim rastom emisija gasova sa efektom staklene bašte.

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Kako citirati
MESAROVIĆ, Miodrag. Rešavanje jednačine neto-nula emisije u oblasti grejanja i hlađenja zgrada. Zbornik Međunarodnog kongresa o KGH, [S.l.], v. 53, n. 1, p. 149-164, june 2023. Dostupno na: <https://izdanja.smeits.rs/index.php/kghk/article/view/6943>. Datum pristupa: 30 may 2024
Sekcija
Opšta problematika KGH

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