Mediteranska trska u fitostabilizaciji tehnosola Preliminarni rezultati istraživanja

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Nikola Milanović http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8566-4102 Snežana Brajević http://orcid.org/0009-0008-7964-8235 Željko Dželetović http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9166-7094 Gordana Andrejić http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5515-9321 Aleksandar Simić http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7605-3796 Uroš Aleksić http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7313-497X

Apstrakt

Mediteranska trska (Arundo donax L.) je brzorastuća, rizomatozna višegodišnja C3 trava. Smatra se vodećim usevom za proizvodnju biomase na marginalnim i degradiranim zemljištima pod različitim nepovoljnim uslovima gajenja kao što su zaslanjenost, suša, dugotrajno zadržavanje vode, visoke i niske temperature i povišene koncentracije potencijalno toksičnih elemenata (PTE). Flotaciona jalovina koja nastaje u procesu obrade ruda metala predstavlja tip tehnosola koji se odlikuje brojnim nepovoljnim fizičkim i hemijskim odlikama, koje ograničavaju i često potpuno onemogućavaju rast i razvoj biljaka. Jalovina predstavlja i potencijalnu opasnost za životnu sredinu, budući da je izuzetno podložna eolskoj i fluvijalnoj eroziji, zbog čega velika količina PTE može lako dospeti u životnu sredinu. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se ispita mogućnost zasnivanja i održivosti useva mediteranske trske na odlagalištu flotacione jalovine rudnika Pb, Zn i Cu radi fitostabilizacije njegove površine. Ogled je postavljen 2019. godine. Nakon sadnje je izvršena fertilizacija sa dozom od 650 kg/ha NPK đubriva (15:15:15) i usev je gajen bez navodnjavanja. Nakon 3 godine od zasnivanja usev se održao, a u biljnom materijalu i u supstratu ispitane su koncentracije sledećih elemenata: N, K, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn. Najveći sadržaj makrohraniva izmeren je u listovima. Biljke su najveći deo PTE zadržale unutar korena, osim Mn i Zn i na taj način delimično sprečile njihov transport u nadzemne delove, a time i potencijalno negativni uticaj na različite fiziološke procese. Rezultati pokazuju da je moguće zasnovati samoodrživ usev mediteranske trske na podlozi poput flotacione jalovine i predstavljaju osnov za buduća detaljnija istraživanja. Na osnovu ovih preliminarnih rezultata smatramo da A. donax, kao biljna vrsta zaslužuje pažnju u smislu daljih detaljnih istraživanja fitostabilizacije tehnosola nastalih radom u procesnoj industriji.

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Kako citirati
MILANOVIĆ, Nikola et al. Mediteranska trska u fitostabilizaciji tehnosola. Zbornik Međunarodnog kongresa o procesnoj industriji – Procesing, [S.l.], v. 37, n. 1, p. 157-166, june 2024. Dostupno na: <https://izdanja.smeits.rs/index.php/ptk/article/view/8057>. Datum pristupa: 17 july 2024 doi: https://doi.org/10.24094/ptk.024.157.
Sekcija
Inženjerstvo životne sredine i održivi razvoj

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